Witham Navigable Drains (Newham Drain)
The Witham Navigable Drains (Newham Drain) is a broad canal and is part of the Witham Navigable Drains. It runs for 6 miles and 4 furlongs from Newham Drain - Frith Bank Drain Junction (where it joins the Witham Navigable Drains (Frith Bank Drain)) to Tumby Woodside Bridge (which is a dead end).
The maximum dimensions for a boat to be able to travel on the waterway are 60 feet long and 11 feet wide. The maximum headroom is 5 feet and 11 inches. The maximum draught is not known.
It has junctions with the Witham Navigable Drains (West Fen Drain) and the Witham Navigable Drains (Howbridge Drain) at Newham Drain - Howbridge Drain - West Fen Drain Junction; with the Witham Navigable Drains (Castle Dyke) at Newham Drain - Castle Dyke Junction and with the Witham Navigable Drains (Sandy Bank Drain) at Newham Drain - Sandy Bank Drain Junction.
Relevant publications — Waterway Maps:
- Waterway Routes 01M - England and Wales Map
- Waterway Routes 18M - Fossdyke and Witham Navigation and Tributaries Map (Downloadable)
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|Newham Drain - Frith Bank Drain Junction
Junction of Newham and Frith Bank Drains
|Mere Booth Road Bridge
With Pipe Bridge alongside
|¼ furlongs||0 locks|
|Newham Drain - Castle Dyke Junction
Junction of Newham Drain and Castle Dyke
|3¼ furlongs||0 locks|
|Canister Hall Bridge||1 mile and 6 furlongs||0 locks|
|Newham Drain - Howbridge Drain - West Fen Drain Junction
Junction of Newham Drain, Howbridge Drain and West Fen Drain
|3 miles and 4 furlongs||0 locks|
|Westville Road Bridge||3 miles and 4¼ furlongs||0 locks|
|Westville Field Bridge No 1||3 miles and 7¾ furlongs||0 locks|
|Westville Field Bridge No 2||4 miles and 5½ furlongs||0 locks|
|Dovecote Hall Farm Bridge||5 miles||0 locks|
|Mill's Bridge||5 miles and 1¾ furlongs||0 locks|
|Newham Drain - Sandy Bank Drain Junction
Junction of Newham Drain with the Sandy Bank Drain
|5 miles and 5 furlongs||0 locks|
|Tumby Woodside Pipe Bridge||5 miles and 6 furlongs||0 locks|
|Tumby Woodside Bridge
Head of navigation with NO winding hole
|6 miles and 4 furlongs||0 locks|
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Wikipedia has a page about Witham Navigable Drains
The Witham Navigable Drains are located in Lincolnshire, England, and are part of a much larger drainage system managed by the Witham Fourth District Internal Drainage Board. The Witham Fourth District comprises the East Fen and West Fen, to the north of Boston, which together cover an area of 97 square miles (250 km2). In total there are over 438 miles (705 km) of drainage ditches, of which under 60 miles (97 km) are navigable. Navigation is normally only possible in the summer months, as the drains are maintained at a lower level in winter, and are subject to sudden changes in level as a result of their primary drainage function, which can leave boats stranded. Access to the drains is from the River Witham at Anton's Gowt Lock.
The area is bounded by the River Witham to the south and west, and the Steeping River to the north. Since the 11th century, there have been attempts to prevent the fens from flooding, so that they could be used for agriculture. A major advance was made in the seventeenth century, when Adventurers built drains in return for rights to some of the reclaimed land, but the success was short-lived, as Fenmen and Commoners rioted in 1642 and destroyed the works. Further attempts to drain the fens were made in the eighteenth century, and the first proposals to use the drains for navigation were made in 1779.
Most of the drainage ditches that are now evident were constructed under the authority of an Act of Parliament obtained in 1801. The plans for the scheme were drawn up by the civil engineer John Rennie. Better drainage was achieved from the 1860s, with the building of steam pumping stations. The steam engines were later replaced by diesel engines, and now many of them use electric pumps. Sensitive restoration of some of the pumping stations in the 1980s and 1990s resulted in the Witham Fourth District IDB being given a Design Award.
There were originally five locks on the system, including Anton's Gowt Lock. Cowbridge Lock is the only other one still operational. Access by boat to Cowbridge Drain and Hobhole Drain which drain the East Fen is no longer possible, because East Fen Lock, which connected Cowbridge Drain to the rest of the system has been filled in, while the lock chamber at Lade Bank Pumping Station has been reused to house extra pumps. Many of the structures built as part of Rennie's upgrade in the early 1800s survive in near-original condition, and are Grade II listed.